Pale Horse Rising - An Islamic Caliphate

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Chapter 8
Gog of Magog
Prince, Chief of  Meshech and Tubal

The Coming Middle East War of the Caliphate

    Many of the answers concerning the actual fighting that will take place in a final Middle East war are found in the bible in Daniel chapter 11 and in Ezekiel 38.

Let's look at the names of the countries mentioned in both text starting with Dan 11.


Dan 11:40 And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over. :41 He shall enter also into the glorious land (Israel), and many [countries] shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, [even] Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon (Jordan).  :42 He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape. :43 But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the *Ethiopians [shall be] at his steps.  :44 But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many.  :45 And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.

(words in parentheses are authors notes.)

The nations listed are 
The King of the North,  Libya, Sudan/Ethiopia and Egypt, 

*The Hebrew here is "Cush" and is being interpreted as Ethiopia which was just south of Egypt but is more than likely the Sudan now.

Sudan-The inhabitants of Sudan are divided into three main groups. The northerners, who inhabit the country roughly north of 12N lat. and mainly near the Nile, consist of Arab and Nubian groups; they are Muslim (mostly of the Sunni branch) The westerners, so called because they immigrated from W Africa, are also Muslim  The Sudan boarders both Libya and Egypt.
Ethiopia-The Oromo, who make up  about 40% of the country's population, live in S Ethiopia and are predominantly Muslim. The pastoral Somali, who are also Muslim, live in E and SE Ethiopia. The Sudan lies between Ethiopia and Egypt.

We see countries listed in Ezekiel 38 of those that will attack Israel in the end days.

Eze 38:2  Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him, 

Eze 38:5 Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet: 

Eze 38:6 Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands: [and] many people with thee.  

Eze 38:13 Sheba, and Dedan, and the merchants of Tarshish, with all the young lions thereof, shall say unto thee, Art thou come to take a spoil? hast thou gathered thy company to take a prey? to carry away silver and gold, to take away cattle and goods, to take a great spoil?

Eze 38:16  And thou shalt come up against my people of Israel, as a cloud to cover the land; it shall be in the latter days, .....

Magog, Meshech, Tubal, Persia, Ethiopia, Libya, Gomer and Togarmah (north quarters of Turkey), Sheba and Dedan (Arabia) 

What Kingdom is being called Gog?

Between the Ezekiel 38 and Dan 11:40 prophecies we are given a list of names of kingdoms involved with Gog/King of the North in the end days war.

Meshech, Tubal, Gomer, Togarmah and Persia, which are all identified as the lands that are north of the Magog. 

Edom, and Moab, Ammon (Jordan), Egypt, Libya, Ethiopia, Dedan and Sheba (Arabia), Which are all the kingdoms south of Magog.
And of course Magog.

Gog Map

Map of Magog

This map shows the old biblical names and the locations from both prophecies.

This leaves a BIG HOLE in our map. One missing kingdom that is located between these Northern and Southern kingdoms that isn't mentioned in these prophecies, and that is the empire of both Assyria/Babylon. This is because the Assyrian/Babylonian kingdom is being called by another name, Ma-gog, which means "land of Gog". 

All of the names and places listed above are Muslim countries today and so we can expect the Gog war to be a Muslim war against Israel.  I believe this will evolve into a world war and will only be brought to end by Jesus at His return, as shown by the end of both wars, in Ezekiel 39 and the king of the North war of Daniel 12:1 with the resurrection of the dead.

The Table of Nations

Where was the land of Gog located after Babel?


Gen 10:2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

Gen 10:5  By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.

The word Magog means;

 04031 Magowg {maw-gogue'}

                 from 01463; TWOT 324a;

                 AV - Magog 4; 4

                 Magog = "land of Gog"
                 n pr m
                 1) the 2nd son of Japheth, grandson of Noah, and progenitor of
                 several tribes northward from Israel

Tracing the land of Magog is very interesting.  The original land, which is what I believe the Lord is referring to concerning the Gog war of Eze 38, was located in upper Syria. they then migrated to Turkey and from there migrated northward between the Baltic and Caspian Seas.

This map of the table of Nations made in 1624 seems to do a very decent job of tracing the Tribes of Japheth over the years.

As you know there are many maps that only show Magog in Turkey or in Southern Russia but there is evidence to support this map as to the original land of Magog being in Syria.

Magog is associated with the name Hierapolis. With the migration of peoples, whether in the Middle East or Europe or the United states we see that when they migrate to a new land they call the new villages or towns by the same names.  So many cities in the US, for example have the same name from East to West.  Apparently that was the case for Magog.

 The city of Hierapolisin western Turkey has been traced to Magog and so also with the city of  Hierapolisin in Syria was called by the Syrians Mabog;  This city is now called Manbij or Hierapolis Bambyce, an ancient city in the Aleppo Governorate, Syria.

The CRADLE of MAGOG is located in the NORHERN SYRIAN city of Hierapolis Bambyce
The place first appears in Greek as Bambyce, but Pliny (v. 23) tells us its Syrian name was Mabog (also Mabbog, Mabbogh). It was doubtless an ancient Commagenian sanctuary; but history records it first under the Seleucids, who made it the chief station on their main road between Antioch and Seleucia on the Tigris; and as a centre of the worship of the Syrian Nature Goddess, Atargatis, it became known to the Greeks as the city of the sanctuary (Ieropolis), and finally as the Holy City (Ierapolis).

The capitol city of ISIS is Raqqa. This could well be the within the territory of ancient Magog
ISIS map

Countries mentioned in the above Prophecies
Egypt- 94% Muslim (mostly Suuni)
Ethiopia-40% Muslim/ Sudan- Muslim 70% (Sunni)
Iran- Muslim (95% Shi'ite Muslim,  4% Sunni Muslim)
Iraq -Muslim (Sunni and Shi'ite) Jordan- 92% Muslim (Sunni)
Libya-Muslim, (mostly Sunni)
Syria- 90% Muslim (74% Suuni)
Saudi Arabia- 100% Muslim (mostly Suuni)
Turkey- 98% (mostly Sunni)

One of the things that units these two sects and that is their hatred of the Jews.  They all want Israel to disappear.

The terrorist group Al-Qaeda have cells throughout these nations and are 100% Sunni, but under strict sharia laws which govern their political, social, and religious beliefs. ISIS emerged out of  Al-Qaeda.

Where did civilization begin again after the flood?
Not Babylon as we have been told.

Note: This information below was gleaned from various web sites on the subject

The Journey Westward out of Ararat 

The Cradle of Civilization Urartu (Ararat)
The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition.  2001.


(rrt) , ancient kingdom of Armenia, centered about Lake Van in present-day E  Turkey. It was the biblical Ararat. Urartu flourished from the 13th cent. to the 7th cent. B.C., but was most powerful in the 8th cent. B.C., when it ruled over most of N Syria. The Urartians constantly fought with Assyria; Shalmaneser I, Shalmaneser III, and Sargon all attacked Urartu but never completely subdued it. In the 7th cent. B.C. repeated invasions by the Cimmerians, Scyths, and Medes finally brought about the downfall of the Urartian kingdom. Excavations, particularly at such sites as Toprak Kale and Karmir Blur, have shown that Urartu had an advanced agricultural and commercial civilization, which was largely influenced by Assyria. The use of cuneiform was also borrowed from the Assyrians. Urartian techniques of metalworking and stone masonry (especially in the construction of fortresses) was highly advanced.
 See B. Piatrovski, Ancient Civilization of Urartu (1969).

"The name was preserved in the Old Testament in the corrupt form 'Ararat,' which in the Latin version became 'Armenia.' When the Massoretic writers were vocalizing the text of  the Bible they inserted the vowel "a" into words which were unknown to them, so that  'Urartu' became 'Ararat'; and it is only within very recent years that the Qumran scrolls have yielded a form of the name with the semi-vowel "w" in the first syllable (21)."

Ararat: sacred land or high land, the name of a country  on one of the mountains of which the ark rested after  the Biblical Flood subsided. The mountains mentioned were probably the Kurdish range of South Armenia. The  word is rendered Armenia in the Authorized Version but  in the Revised Version Land of Ararat. In Jeremiah  51:27 the name denotes the central or southern portion  of Armenia. It is however generally applied to a high  and almost inaccessible mountain which rises
majestically from the plain of the Araxes (Aras River).

Two Old Testament references to Urartians are described by Professor Petrovskii as follows:

                  "A passage in the Book of Jeremiah dated to the fourth year of the reign of King Zedekiah
                  (i.e., 594 B.C.) talks of calling together against Babylon the Medes, the Urartians
                  ('Ararat'), the Mannaeans ('Minni') and the Scythians ('Aschenaz') (22)."


                  "The Old Testament preserves a recollection ... that Sennocherib's sons, having killed
                 their father, fled to Urartu (the 'land of Ararat' or 'land of Armenia') (23)."

Today, almost any Bible atlas includes Urartu on its maps of the ancient world and explains that Ararat in the Bible really refers to Urartu

 Professor Seton Lloyd, another researcher into Urartu, has this to say about the ancient civilization:

                  "Urartu is now being presented to us as a nation--and in its time a very great
                  nation-whose history and even identity seem to have been completely expunged from the
                  records of human memory for two-and-a-half thousand years. Yet today, everything about
                  it--its racial characteristics, political and economic history and its art--constitute it one
                  of the most intriguing problems in Near Eastern Archaeology (24)."

The Urartian Culture

It is generally agreed that the Urartians arose from the Hurrians and employed a language similar to Hurrian. These mountaineers built great fortresses on overlooks throughout the  highlands of Urartu. Their kingdom supported huge building programs. Palace remains show evidence of economic might. Much of their art has been recovered, particularly works in bronze.

This persistent portrayal of the tree of life with its guarding celestial beings pervaded the Urartian culture.


Extreme stylization of tree indicates that tradition was already ancient. (Urartian, detail of bronze helmet of King Sarduri II, 760-743 B.C. Hermitage Museum, Leningrad).

The Urartians were formidable in war. The Assyrians mounted attacks on Urartian fortresses, but there were periods when they were careful to cultivate the good will of these mountain dwellers. In 714 B.C., for example, Sargon, at the head of his Assyrian army, sacked some Urartian strongholds; but in 654 B.C., the later Assyrian king Ashurbanipal, at the celebration of his victory over King Teuman of Elam and capture of Susa, received emissaries from Urartu's King Rusa. According to Assyrian annals recording the event,

 "Rusa, king of Urartu, heard of the mightiness of my gods and was overcome by terror at my majesty. Then he sent his princes to Arbela to bring me greetings (32)."

  In 590 B.C., Urartu was sacked and burned. Only hulks remained. The dust and winds of  time did their work. It was not until about a hundred years ago that researchers began to connect the ruins throughout the Anatolian highlands with the vague references to Urartu in the Assyrian records; it had previously been believed that they were Assyrian (33). Not until 1936 was the first systematic excavation of a major Urartian fortress begun (34).

 After the disappearance of Urartu as a political entity, the Armenians dominated the ancient  highlands, absorbing portions of the previous Urartian culture in the process. More recently  the Armenians, like their Urartian predecessors, have met tragic and depopulating devastation in these ancestral homelands. The hand of fate seems not yet to have completed  its drama of violent readjustment in the Anatolian highlands.

The Bible's account of Noah, the ark, and the Genesis flood states that the ark came to rest on the "mountains of rrt" where "rrt" has been translated "Urartu" or later "Ararat" during Armenian times. At the beginning of the Christian era, Ararat (another version of the Hebrew "rrt" - no vowels in the Masoretic Hebrew text of Genesis") was only a northerly subdivision of Armenia near the Araxes river. During the time of the Old Testament though, the Urartian region was much more extensive (as shown on the map above). From Assyrian texts, Urartu is known to have existed from about the late 13th century BC to the 9th century BC as a loose federation of tribes. However, if one takes a conservative view of Moses writing Genesis in the 15th century BC rather than the 13th century BC, then Urartu would have been known even in that era.

The Urartian Kingdom existed from the 9th century BC until the 6th century BC when it was destroyed by the Medes and vanished from history, only to be rediscovered in the archaeology of the late 1800s and early 1900s. Thus there exists the possibility of a mis-interpretation of Genesis by post-Christian writers and Armenians restricting the Ark's landfall to the smaller Araxes valley area including Mount Ararat rather than the larger Urartian region or "mountains of Urartu" as described by Moses in Genesis. However, some of this is speculation since there are no cross-references in 15th century BC writing so no one really knows exactly where Moses was referring to when he stated that the ark came to rest on the "mountains of rrt".

Noah's children traveled to the west

Gen 11:2 
And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east,  that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there.

In Genesis we find the Ark on Mt Ararat and man migrating west and then southward from the ark.
They most likely followed the Murat river to the Euphrates river.

That means they traveled west from Mount Ararat!!  That is an important fact in understanding where the city of UR was located.

Next we read of Abram migrating from Haran;

Ur; called Urfa, is in southeastern Turkey, former capital of ancient Osrhoene. It is situated on a limestone ridge, an
extension of the ancient Mount Masius in the Taurus mountains of southern Anatolia (Turkey)

Where were these Chaldeans from?

The evidence shows that their homeland included the area of south central Turkey because inscriptions have been found which tell that both Nebuchadnezzar (2nd king of the Chaldean empire) and Nabonidus (last king of the empire whose son, Belshazzar, was co-regent in Babylon) built temples to "Sin", the moon-god in HARRAN.   Inscriptions also show that Nabonidus and his mother were both FROM Harran. The term "Chaldees"- the Urartuans or those from the greater Ararat region, called their collection of gods "khaldis" and their supreme god Khaldi.

"Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, (Luke 3:34)
"When Terah had lived seventy years, he became the father of Abram, Nahor, and Haran."

 Archaeologists have found that most of the names of his ancestors of his genealogy were names of cities.  These names are present  in southern Turkey.

Town names of Harran, Nahor, Serug, and Terah

Abram's kin settled in Syrio-Mesopotamia region between the upper Euphrates and Habur rivers near Urfa Haran (Gen 11:31),
 Abram (Old Assyrian text Abrum) whose father was  Terah, (Til-Sa-Turahi, "Mound of Terah," Neo-Assyrian text), grandfather Nahor,  as is his brother, whose name is from Old Assyrian and Old Babylonian texts Til-Nakhiri (the "Mound of Nahor", Neo-Assyrian text) and great-grandfather Serug, Sarugi, Neo-Assyrian text) . Peleg recalls later Paliga on the Euphrates just above the mouth of the Habur.
These are place-names referring to sites in the plain of Harran.
This area during Genesis was identified as Aramean by the terms Aram-Naharaim [(Final Mem Yod  Resh He Nun Final Mem Resh Aleph Lamed Aleph) literally "Aram of the two rivers, (Shinar)."

Over a 1000 years after the tower of Babel was built near Ur (Urfa) we can see (on the map above) the Chaldeans have moved south along the rivers into the place they called Babylon. They also named a city that they built there UR.

So to sum up, The families of Noah migrated, first traveling from the east toward the west following the river through the mountains until they came to a huge open plain they named Shinar, meaning land between the two rivers, (The Plain of Harran). They settled in the plain (area in Yellow) in southeast corner of Turkey and northern Syria. Then the generations began to migrate down the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers. Asshur built the cities of Assyria, Nineveh  and other cities (Iraq). God uses these ancient names to identify the original lands of these peoples, not where they migrated to over a long period of time, but where they first settled and land of Gog is a small section of those lands. Where exactly nobody knows for sure.

The Evidence of the Birth of All Languages

Quote:  To comprehend events of the past, it helps to place ourselves in their "shoes". For a moment, let's consider a town where suddenly many, many different languages are being spoken. In the confusion, what would you do? First of all, everyone would find those who speak their own language. Then, decisions would have to be made about what to do next. If you've ever been to a foreign country where you don't speak the language, you'll realize that it would be almost impossible to live side by side and continue building, planting, harvesting, etc. with those whom you can't communicate with. Especially back then when there were no translators.

The first order of business would most likely be to find a separate place to live. You'd need room to raise crops: fields for your flocks; and room to begin to build a permanent settlement. Some language groups may set out and settle 25 miles from the original town while others would have to travel 100 or even more before they could find a suitable location. As time passed, the land nearby would already be taken and new groups would have to travel further and further away to find a suitable location. Some would perhaps be more ambitious and travel much, much further- perhaps 1,000 miles away. But as with all things, there would remain remnants of many, many of the original language groups in the general area.

And today, nowhere else on earth can you find so many different tongues being spoken in such a small area: "Many ancient races and tribes still inhabit the Caucasus [the mountains above Noah's Ark which form the northern barrier of the Araxes plain] and the Armenian plateau of eastern Anatolia. As many as fifty different languages and dialects are spoken in this vast and, in parts, inaccessible region." (LW, p. 137). " Strabo informs us (Book XI, 5), that no less than seventy Dialects were spoken in the country, which even then was called the Mountain of Languages" (LH, col. VIII, p. 6,743.) The further one travels from this area, the fewer languages we find being spoken in an area (with the exception of cases of immigration, such as in the US.) This evidence alone is sufficient to show where the languages began.
End Quote:

The first alphabet

 Quote; Among the more important discoveries at Ugarit are tablets from the 14th cent. BC Written in a cuneiform script, in a hitherto unknown language, Ugaritic, they record the poetic works and myths of the ancient Canaanites. They are written in an alphabet that is one of the earliest known. Ugaritic has been identified as a Semitic language, related to classical Hebrew, the language of the Old Testament, and these tablets, the first authentic specimens of pagan Canaanite literature, have been of great importance to students of language and of the Bible. They offer evidence that the stories of the Old Testament were based on written Canaanite documents as well as  being passed down orally. They were perhaps the first to recognize that human speech consists of only a finite number of atomic sounds and all that was really needed was a symbol for each. They devised 30 symbols from which the alphabets of all phonetic languages are derived (yes all: Hebrew, Latin, Sanskrit, Aramaic, Arabic, Greek, etc.). As a result, writing opened up and scribal power reduced; any child (or foreigner) could now easily learn to read and write. This may sound simple but it took nearly two millennia to arrive at it. In Histories, Herodotus acknowledged that the Greeks got their alphabet from the Phoenicians. (Canaanites, precursors to the Phoenicians) The names of most letters in the Greek/Phoenician alphabets are clearly related alpha/aleph (ox), beta/bet (house), gamma/gimel (camel), delta/dalet (door), etc. Notably, the Ugaritic alphabet only had consonants the pre-Homeric Greeks added the vowels.


I also researched sites on the study of languages and it is agreed that this is the area below where the ark came to rest is  where the different languages began and spread outward into the world.  So the tower of Babel was built in southern Turkey between the two rivers in the plain of Shinar.

The following is taken from the work of Dr. Carl Ludwigson "A Survey of Bible Prophecy":

   Ezekiel's Gog is the enemy from the north. In the Old Testament, the king of the north has reference to the areas of Syria, Turkey, and Iraq. The word north is used of Syria or the Old Seleucid Empire six times, of Babylon sixteen times, of Assyria one time, and of Iran one time. These are the lands once occupied by Ma-gog, Gomer, Togarmah, Meshech and Tubal.
   Meshech, Tubal, Togarmah, and Syria traded with Tyre six centuries before Christ [Ezek.27:13-16]. These lands clearly define the north. The fact that some scholars equate the names of ancient Middle East cities with modern English cognates is appalling. Meshech is NOT Moscow; Moscow just had its 850th birthday.
   Some have interpreted the Hebrew word 'rosh' in Ezekiel 38:3, which is translated 'chief', to be a reference to Russia. In the Massoretic text the words 'chief prince' carry the accents Tiphha and Zaqeph-gadol.  The Tiphha appears under the resh of the Hebrew word 'rosh'; the Zaqeph-gadol appears on top of the sin of the Hebrew word 'nish'.The Tiphha to the right, underneath the initial consonant of the word 'rosh', or chief, is prepositive and does not mark the tone syllable. See Kautsch and Cowley's *Grammar*, page 61 item 9.
The word 'nish' or prince has the accent Zaqeph-gadol which is disjunctive and indicates a pause. See Kautsch and Cowley's *Grammar*, page 60 item 4b.
 So Ezekiel 38:3 should be read as follows: "Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the prince, {pause} chief of Meshech and Tubal:" Rosh is not Russia.

 The Hebrew word 'rosh' is translated head or chief 423 times in the Old Testament. Again, it is absolutely appalling how some scholars can equate the English cognate 'rosh' with Russia. Rosh is not Russia. End

 Gog will be the Caliph of an Islamic Caliphate

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