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Chapter 6
The Seventy Weeks of Daniel  The prophecy is about the coming Messiah,  and what He will do when He arrives, and what will happen as a result of the Jewish nations rejection of Him.

All of the perimeters are set in the first verse of the this prophecy. It is 70 weeks appointed for Daniel's people only. In Daniel a "week of seven" equals 7 years. Seventy times seven equals 490 years.

Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy


They only have 70 weeks to:


 
1. Finish the transgression 

 2.Make an end of sins

 3.to atone for wickedness

 4.Bring in everlasting righteousness

 5.Seal up the vision and prophecy

 6.Anoint the most Holy


In hindsight we know this means they have 70 weeks to accept their Messiah as the Son of God since these things can not be accomplished accept through Jesus.  

Jesus was "cut off" during the 70th week 

Dan 9:25  Know therefore and understand, [that] from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince [shall be] seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times 26; And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off,  

Notice that it says AFTER the 69th week. Not before, or on the last day of the 69th week, but after it is over, which puts His being "cut off" as taking  place during the 70th week.

Some believe that the final 70th week is left till the end days, but Jesus already used a portion of it because He was cut off during the 70th week.

The first "seven sevens" a sabbatical week equals 49 years. This is the amount in a Jubilee year.
Then 434 more years remain until Messiah comes. That is a total of 69 of the 70 weeks.  

When was the Decree given?

It is known that the first 7 weeks (49 years) begins with a decree to "restore and to build Jerusalem." Notice that this refers to the whole city of Jerusalem, not just the Temple, which was an earlier decree given by Cyrus the Great.

The rebuilding would include, "the street shall be built again, and the moat/wall, even in troublous times" and this didn't happen until the return of Ezra followed by Nehemiah who built the walls. History shows us that the decree of Cyrus did not result in the city being rebuilt. Neither did the decree of Darius, only the Temple building was completed under that first decree.

The decree of Artaxerxes in 457 BC did exactly that. (Hebrew year 3305)

NOTE: There is no reason to convert the 490 years to 365.25 days per year because the Jewish calendar contains an extra month of Adar added three  years, and over given period of time of 19 years the days will be the same as in the Georgian calendar. The Jewish year doesn't add up to 360 days per year because the calendar is set from new moon to new moon. 

When Jesus began His ministry, the people were in expectation of the coming of the Messiah at that time.  

Jesus tells us that "the time has been "fulfilled"

Mark 1:15 "The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye and believe the gospel" KJV


Jesus was born approximately 4 BC.

John the Baptist began his ministry in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar (Luke 3: 1-3) when Jesus had begun to be about 30 years old at His Baptism.
This means it was 26/27 AD when Jesus was baptized.  Tiberius Caesar reigned for two years before his formal coronation. So he began to reign in 12 AD.  

Quote; Luke 3:1 reads "...in year but five and tenth of the governorship of Tiberius Caesar" [emphasis added].
In the year 12 AD, Tiberius was made military governor (commander) over Caesar's vast armies and provinces by the ailing Augustus, at which time Augustus had compelled his estranged- widow Julia to marry Tiberius, thus historically qualifies as his 1st year of governorship. Ancient coins from Antioch dated AUC 765[12 AD] display the head of Tiberius with the inscription: 'Kaisar Sebastos' [Caesar Augustus]. An ancient document written by the Roman senator Dion Cassius recounts major events of 12 AD in which he noted: "Augustus, because he was growing old, wrote a letter commending Germanicus to the senate and the latter [the senate] to Tiberius" [ref. LVI.26]. No later than 13 AD, Tiberius Claudius Nero was already known to the whole of the Roman empire and its provinces as supreme military governor and co-regent with Augustus, since Tiberius was by that time Proconsular Imperium, wielding full tribunician power wholly co-extensive with that of Augustus, making Tiberius co-princeps with Augustus from 12-13 AD until Augustus' death. Thus we see, fully two years before Augustus had died, Tiberius' sole Consulship was already fully intact, and was wholly unassailable, with his *continuation*as Principate merely a foregone conclusion. Tiberius' inauguration as Imperator was little more than a formality, and Luke's reckoning for his 15th year is further confirmed by the fact that by 27 AD, a much-wearied Tiberius had retired permanently to seclusion on the island of Capri, leaving his notorious and traitorous captain of the Praetorian Guard, the prefect Sejanus, to rule in his place (but not in his stead, as the annals of history attest). End quote.-Min's Historical Calendar Of Jesus - Chapter 7 by Dr. Min

At the end of the 483 years (7 and 62 weeks) Jesus, as Messiah, the "Anointed One", is baptized, and begins public ministry starting the 70th week of Daniel's prophecy.

(Please see Chart at the bottom of this page to see the exact years.)

Who are the people of the Prince that shall destroy the Temple?

Dan 9: 26 continues:

and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.



This is referring to a different prince, one that will come and destroy the city and temple because the Jews rejected Jesus as their Messiah. We know that this happened within a generation, by 70 AD at the hands of Titus and his army. The temple mount and Holy City was made totally desolate at that time.

The 70th week

Dan 9 Verse 27  And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease,

.

Is this "the antichrist" that makes a 7 year peace agreement? NO

He is the Messiah the prince.

Not Titus, the other prince in this prophecy, and not some future antichrist.

You need to ask yourself what Jesus did while He was on earth.

Did He confirm (a word that means to STRENGTHEN) His covenant? YES. During the 3 1/2 years of His ministry

During the time of Jesus on earth did He cause the Jewish sacrifices to cease? YES. Their relevance to God they are no longer accepted.

The word here in Hebrew was "shabath"  the tense is (Hiphil)

1) to cause to cease, put an end to
2) to exterminate, destroy
3) to cause to desist from
4) to remove
5) to cause to fail

He replaced them with His own blood. He became the LAST sacrifice needed for sin. Now some would argue that the Jewish sacrifices continued for the next 40 years until the Temple was destroyed, and so He didn't cause them to cease with His sacrifice. But in the spiritual realm, where it counts, He did. God no longer recognized the blood sacrifices of the Jews from that day forth. He did truly cause the sacrifices in the Temple to fail. To loose their reason for being done.

Jesus took the place of not only the temple sacrifices but made the final sacrifice needed for all mankind.

Heb 9:11 But Christ came as High Priest of the good things to come, [a] with the greater and more perfect tabernacle not made with hands, that is, not of this creation. 12 Not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood He entered the Most Holy Place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption.

Jesus said that the temple would be torn down, not one stone left upon another, but that He would raise it up in 3 days. This, of course, means that at His resurrection Jesus would become the Temple of God. It didn't mater that the earthly Jewish temple of God remained standing for another 40 years. Just as it didn't mater that the sacrifices continued for that amount of time. Jesus had caused them to fail, becoming null and void in the eyes of God. Jesus had replaced them.  

Remember it was Daniel's people, the Jews, that were given only 70 weeks, not the whole world. For Daniel's people, accepting Jesus would put an end to national sin, atone for wickedness, bring everlasting righteousness, seal up this prophecy, and anoint the most Holy. All they had to do was accept the Anointed One. All of these things would be accomplished through the Messiah for the nation.

For any Jewish person that accepts Jesus now, they are under His grace. He has put an end to believers sins through His blood. He has atoned for their wickedness before the throne. He has for them everlasting righteousness.

What would be the result of their rejection of Him? 


They rejected Him and the covenant He offered. So a prince would come and make their Holy Place and Holy City desolate.

Daniel 9 Verse 27 continues;
and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.


The Hebrew word that is translated as "overspreading" is the Hebrew word meaning "Wing' sometimes translated as the "pinnacle of the temple" It all starts with the word wing. Which is a reference to feathers, which the Hebrews are to cut the "corners" of their robes in fringes like that of a wing. So then the word took on the meaning of a "corner" Hence the corner of the of the walls of the temple compound became known as a wing of the temple. The corners were the pinnacles, or highest places. Probably because that is where the towers were located and because they were built to the edges of the mountain and so were built over the valleys. The pinnacle of the temple was the highest wall of the temple compound.

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As a side note; The word pinnacle (pterygion-Greek) also means wing. The wing or pinnacle is the highest part of the temple compound looming over the valleys below.

"pterygion"

  1. a wing, a little wing

  2. 2) any pointed extremity

  3. a) of fins of fishes

  4. b) of part of a dress hanging down in the form of a wing

  5. c) of the top of the temple at Jerusalem

Mat 4:5  Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle (or a wing) of the temple,

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So what this verse in Daniel is saying is that at the pinnacle  of abominations,  one will come and make it desolate until a complete destruction. Which is a reference to the previous verse that speaks of the complete destruction of the Temple and the Holy city at the hand of the people of the prince who would come.  This took place in 70 AD.

See history of these abominations and the Abomination of Desolation standing where he ought not.  As told by Josephus, a Jewish historian alive during that time in history.

After His death and resurrection the nation of Israel did not repent, and because of this their abominations reached its pinnacle, their highest point. So the Lord allowed it to be made desolate (Temple and city) using the people of the "prince that was to come", Titus and the Roman army.


Is the last half of the 70th week still left to be completed at some time in our future?

The time limit put on Israel to believe was 70 weeks and they did not believe as a nation of people by the end of said 70 weeks. The offer was withdrawn at the end and given over to the gentile nations. Israel was blinded in part because they did not partake. After His death and resurrection they did not recognize His sacrifice.

They had been the "prepared" people. The "chosen people" chosen to be the light that God used to shine the knowledge of Him out into the nations. The people who had received direct revelation and understanding of God through His prophets. The prophets that spoke the promises of God to send a Messiah that would bring salvation. They were the "first". but because they rejected their salvation by not believing and partaking, then at the end of the 70 weeks the first became last and the last (gentiles) became first. In other words the gentiles would become the chosen ones to be the light of the gospel of His Son to shine out to all the world the truth of God.

And those that had been first "chosen" would now walk in blindness as a nation of people (a nation not defined by the land, but defined by the old covenant of which they still clung to). That does not mean that individual Jewish people can't begin to believe at any time.

The 70 week ending with the stoning of Stephen in 34 AD.

But the nation will get a second chance in the end days. They will now be last. Last to receive and partake in the New Covenant. But they will partake. That is the promise made by God and He will fulfill all His promises made with them, not for their sake but for His own. Messiah will return and they will see Him that they pierced. He will come in a way that they won't be able to deny Him any longer. Coming in view of the whole world descending out from heaven. They will deeply morn what they had denied. And they will believe and become partakers and for the nation of Israel they will have salvation... finally.

Not within the 70 weeks, for that time ended, as the calendar was flipped to the next day. Yesterday is past and cannot be revisited. But the promise to the nation of Israel that they would receive salvation is a forever promise and will be completed on another day far in the future from that time. Because the word "last" still holds a promise, in that the last will still get to participate.

CHART  From The Decree until Jesus Messiah

Note; On the chart below I didn't feel it was necessary to fill in every year since it is also counted by Jubilee years (every 50th years) which are all listed on the left hand side.

Weeks | 10 Jubilees in blue

1) | 457 BC Decree

456 BC

455

454 

453 

452 

451 

2) | 450 

449 

448 

447 

446 

445 

444 

3) | 443                    

442 

441 

440 

439 

438 

437 

4) | 436 

435 

434 

433 

432 

431 

430 

5) | 429 

428 

427 

426 

425 

424 

423 

6) | 422 

421

420 

419 

418 

417 

416

7) | 415

414 

413 

412 

411 

410  

409 

8) | 408 

407 

etc.

etc.

.

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.

9) | 401 

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.

.

..

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10) | 394 

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11) | 387 

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12) | 380 

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13) | 373 

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14) | 366 

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15) | 359 

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16) | 352 

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17) | 345 

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18) | 338 

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333 BC Greeks rule

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19) | 331 

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20) | 324

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21) | 317 

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22) | 310 

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23) | 303 

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24) | 296 

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25) | 289 

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26) | 282 

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27) | 275 

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28) | 268 

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29) | 261 

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.

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30) | 254 

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31) | 247 

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32) | 240 

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33) | 233 

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34) | 226

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35) | 219

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36) | 212 

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37) | 205 

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38) | 198 

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39) | 191 

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40) | 184 

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41) | 177 

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42) | 170 

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164-163  BC
Israeli Independence

43) |163 


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44) | 156 

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45) | 149

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46) | 142 

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47) | 135 

;

;

;

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48) | 128

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49) | 121 

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50) | 114

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.

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51) | 107

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..

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52) | 100

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53) | 93

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54) | 86

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55) | 79

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56) | 72 

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57) | 65

.
63 - under Roman Rule

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58) | 58 

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59) | 51 

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60) | 44

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61) | 37 

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62) | 30 

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63) | 23 

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64) | 16 

15 

14 

13 

12 

11 

10

65) |

5 Birth of Jesus

4 Fall-1 yr old

3 

66) |

1 BC

1 AD 2 4 5

67) |

Jesus 12 yrs

10  11   12 

68) | 13 

14  15  16  17  18  19 

69) | 20

21  22  23  24  25  26 baptism.Fall..30 yrs

70) | 27 ministry..

28 ministry..

29 ministry..

30 Spring Death/Resurrection

31

32

33                         end

       end 70 weeks 33/34AD  Stephen stoned

Jubilee Years

Hebrew 

Roman


3550 

212/211 BC

3305

457/456 BC


3599

163/162 BC

3354

408/407 BC


3648 

114/113 BC

3403

359/358 BC


3697 

65/64 BC

3452

310/309 BC


3746

16/15 BC

3501

261/260 BC


3795 

66/67 AD

*Roman calendar Fall to Fall

A Jubilee year is to take place every 50th year, the 50th year is also counted as the first year of the next Jubilee cycle. This is only kept when the Jewish people are established in the land of Israel. Added year 1 between BC and AD.

In Isaiah 37:30, the word of the Lord to king Hezekiah is:

Isaiah 37:30

"This will be the sign for you, O Hezekiah: This year you will eat what grows by itself, and the second year what springs from that. But in the third year sow and reap, plant vineyards and eat their fruit."


Note: Hezekiah’s year of Jubilee was in 702 B.C.

Compare that with:

Leviticus 25:6-7
"Whatever the land yields during the sabbath year will be food for you--for yourself, your manservant and maidservant, and the hired worker and temporary resident who live among you, as well as for your livestock and the wild animals in your land. Whatever the land produces may be eaten" .

This is the land's seventh-year sabbath.

Leviticus 25:11-12

"You shall have the fiftieth year as a jubilee; you shall not sow, nor reap its aftergrowth, nor gather in {from} its untrimmed vines." 

"For it is a jubilee; it shall be holy to you. You shall eat its crops out of the field." 


This is the land's jubilee-year sabbath, which always followed the seventh ordinary sabbath--the 49th year.

In Isaiah 37:30, the word of the Lord described two consecutive years in which the people were not to plant and harvest but were to eat what grew by itself--the 49th and 50th years of the jubilee cycle.

Jubilees from Hezekiah to Ezra Decree:

702/701BC, 653/652BC, 604/603BC, 555/554BC, 506/505BC, 457/456BC
Jews went into exile in 607/606 until 537/536BC

It appears God has a time table consisting of cycles of 490 years. From the Exodus to the time Solomon dedicated the Temple of God was 490 years. From the Dedication to the time of the Decree issued to Ezra, also 490 years. From Ezra till the completion of the Seventy Sevens prophecy given to Daniel, concerning the Messiah, another 490 years.


Jewish Calendar

A Jewish year is set by the moon once a year on the feast of Trumpets (Rosh HaShanah). It is very complicated how it works so I won't go into it, but The Lord makes sure that a Jewish year after a 19 year cycle will equal the same amount of days as 19 years at 365.2422 days per year.

A second month is added regularly and that is called a leap year.

Below is the order of regular years and leap years in one 19 year cycle.

 1. Regular

 2. Regular

 3. Leap

 4. Regular

 5. Regular

 6. Leap

 7. Regular

 8. Leap

 9. Regular

10. Regular

11. Leap

12. Regular

13. Regular

14. Leap

15. Regular

16. Regular

17. Leap

18. Regular

19. Leap

In those regular years and leap years there are minimum Days Per Year (353, 383) and medium DPY (354, 384) and Maximum DPY (355, 385.) There will be only one year that ends with a 3 compared to two that will end in a 4 or a 5 during a ninteen year cycle.

So I will randomly, (not knowing the true order of the DPY for each year) put Days Per Year into a 19 year cycle.

(the ratio according to a Jewish calendar is only one year ending in a 3, compared to two years of both 4's and 5's. So more medium and maximum years in both regular years and leap years.)

1. Regular -353

2. Regular - 354

3. Leap -384

4. Regular -354

5. Regular -355

6. Leap -385

7. Regular -354

8. Leap -384

9. Regular -354

10. Regular -353

11. Leap - 385

12. Regular-355

13. Regular -354

14. Leap -385

15. Regular -354

16. Regular -355

17. Leap -384

18. Regular -353

19. Leap -384

Total = 6939 days in a 19 year cycle

19 years at 365.2422 = 6939 days

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